Historical past of Medical Marijuana – Leaf Science

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Though medical marijuana is changing into authorized in lots of components of the world, its use as a drugs dates again 1000’s of years. As legalization continues to be handed worldwide we hope (and can proceed to teach) to see cannabis federally authorized within the US and in most international locations by 2022.

As the controversy over legalizing marijuana heats up, many proceed to dispute the worth of marijuana as a remedy for numerous illnesses. However, as the next info present, historical past tells a a lot clearer story.

1. The earliest document of medical marijuana comes from historical China.

In 2737 BC, Chinese language Emperor Shennong wrote a guide on medication that included cannabis as a remedy for a lot of situations. Based on historical Chinese language texts, cannabis was regarded as useful for constipation, gout, rheumatism and absent-mindedness.

Curiously, Shennong was not solely an emperor however a pharmacologist as nicely. He was stated to have tried a whole bunch of herbs on himself as a way to take a look at their medical worth.

2. Historic Egyptians have been the primary to make use of cannabis as a remedy for tumors.

The Fayyum Medical Papyrus (Picture: Vintage Hashish E book)

The 2nd century Fayyum Medical Papyrus, an historical Egyptian textual content, is believed to include the earliest document of cannabis as an ingredient in most cancers medication.

Whereas little is thought concerning the successes of historical Egyptian most cancers therapies, cannabis continues to obtain important curiosity as a most cancers remedy at present.

3. Hashish was used as a veterinary medication in historical Greece.

The traditional Greeks used cannabis to decorate wounds and sores on their horses after battle. The plant was additionally given to people for quite a lot of illnesses, together with ear ache and irritation.

Curiously, the observe of medical cannabis is believed to have unfold to Arabic international locations from historical Greece.

4. Medical marijuana was launched to Western medication within the mid-1800s.

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Label of 19th century cannabis extract made by Eli Lilly (Picture: Wikimedia Commons)

Within the 1830s, an Irish doctor by the title of William Brooke O’Shaughnessy noticed using medical marijuana throughout a visit to India.

After learning its results, he launched cannabis to physicians in England as a remedy for a variety of situations, together with muscle spasms, rheumatism, epilepsy and ache. As early studies of its effectiveness have been printed, the recognition of cannabis-based medicines rapidly unfold throughout Europe and North America.

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5. The title ‘indica’ refers to Indian cannabis.

The title Hashish indica was initially thought up by a French biologist in 1785. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck was additionally visiting India when he noticed a distinction between locally-grown cannabis and its European cousin, the hemp plant.

European hemp was principally used for agricultural functions and was identified on the time as Hashish sativa. Lamarck determined to categorise the Indian species individually, giving it the title Hashish indica.

6. Hashish was listed in the US Pharmacopeia from 1851 till 1941.

history-marijuana-facts
(Picture: Pixabay)

The US Pharmacopeia (USP) supplies an inventory of acceptable medical merchandise every year, and cannabis was acknowledged in a lot of its earliest editions. However whereas cannabis preparations have been extensively prescribed within the late 1800s, they started to get replaced by artificial medicine through the 20th century.

Main as much as and following the passage of the 1937 Marihuana Tax Act, prescribing cannabis turned more and more troublesome and its once-prominent position in Western medication was quickly forgotten. Hashish was faraway from the USP in 1942 and has by no means appeared since.

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