Legalizing recreational marijuana has had minimal impact on crime prices in Colorado and Washington, according to a study funded by the U.S. federal government.
The Division of Justice commissioned researchers from Washington State University, the University of Utah and Stockton University to conduct the study, which was published nowadays. Colorado and Washington have been the 1st two states to permit adult-use cannabis, so they became the concentrate of the study.
The group analyzed month-to-month crime rates as compiled in the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports from 1999 to 2016. It compared this information with monthly crime prices to these in 21 states where recreational and medicinal marijuana use remains illegal in order to draw conclusions on its effect upon violent and house crime.
The study identified no statistically significant long-term effects of legal recreational cannabis sales crime prices in either state. Washington really saw a decline in burglary prices, so prospective burglars might have decided against robbing homes immediately after having stoned.
The findings recommend legalization and sales of marijuana have had minimal impact on main crimes in each states.
“This is but one particular study and legalization of marijuana is nevertheless comparatively new, but by replicating our findings, policymakers can answer the query of how legalization impacts crime,” mentioned one particular of the authors, Dale W. Willits, an assistant professor of criminal justice and criminology at WSU.
Lead author Ruibin Lu, an assistant professor of criminal justice at Stockton University, mentioned the group felt it was vital to apply “robust empirical methods” to parse out the effects of this action on crime in the 1st years immediately after legalization.
The researchers mentioned they really feel their study is robust, and that the legalization of marijuana has not resulted in a considerable upward trend in crime prices, contrasting earlier research on the very same subject.
Oregon, Alaska, California, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Michigan, Vermont and Illinois have joined Colorado and Washington in legalizing recreational cannabis use, and campaigns are afoot to see it permitted elsewhere in the U.S.