Available online 30 December 2020, 461864
Analytical techniques for detecting cannabinoids and terpenes in cannabis samples are explored
The issue of decarboxylation reaction of the cannabinoids in GC analysis are discussed
The advantages of LC analysis for cannabinoids determination are reported
High impact of the extraction procedures on terpenes content are addressed
Various GC separations are summarized
The global Cannabis Sativa market, including essential oils, foods, personal-care products, and medical formulations has gained much attention over the last years due to the favorable regulatory framework. Undoubtedly, the enormous interest about cannabis cultivation mainly derives from the well-known pharmacological properties of cannabinoids and terpenes biosynthesized by the plants. In this review, the most recently used analytical methodologies for detecting both cannabinoids and terpenes are described. Well-established and innovative extraction protocols, and chromatographic separations, such as GC and HPLC, are reviewed highlighting their respective advantages and drawbacks. Lastly, GC × GC techniques are also reported for accurate identification and quantification of terpenes in complex cannabis matrices.
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